Vino Nobile di Montepulciano 2011

Finally we have a Vino Nobile di Montepulciano!!! If you are not familiar with this wine you should be. While similar in style to a Chianti due to it being made mostly with Sangiovese grapes, this is a great option if you love Tuscan wines and want something a little more refined. Wines from Montpulciano enjoy a storied history dating back to the 8th Century and is one of the first regions to receive DOCG status. This wine is a little fuller than a Chianti Classico and higher in alcohol. While not as dark or rich as a Brunello di Montalcino, this wine is typically more affordable. With aromas of wild berry, violet, and a hint of Mediterranean herbs, this wine offers a structured palate of mature black cherry with a hint of Orange zest alongside fine grained tannins. Priced at $14.99 at Costco FO this is a wine is one to add to your shopping list. This wine is priced around $20 at other outlets.

Cheers!!!

Bousquet Gaia 2013

If you have enjoyed the Bousquet Cabernet and Malbec, then you are in for a treat with their new offering at Costco FO, Bousquet Gaia. Gaia is a red blend with 50% Malbec, 45% Syrah, and 5% Cabernet. The grapes for Gaia are harvested by hand from the Bousquet vineyards located at 4000 feet above sea level near the Mendoza region of Argentina. The grapes are raised using the organic method. The wine is aged in French Oak for 10 months with provides a silky palate and soft rounded tannins. Notes of blackberries, spices, and truffles provide an aromatic complexity for an exquisite finish. Gaia is almost black in color and exhibits intense aromas of red and blackberries with many layers. This wine goes great with red meats, red sauces, cheeses, and chocolate. Rated 92 points by Wine Spectator this wine is well worth the $14.99 price at the Costco FO. This wine is priced at $17.95 at other outlets.

Cheers!!!

American or French Oak?

You have probably heard of American Oak and French Oak (there is also Slovakian, Hungarian, and Russian Oak but that will be for another day!), but do you know what the differences are between the two?

Why is oak used in wine making? It is used to vary the color, flavor, tannin profile, and the texture of the wine. It can be used in the fermentation or aging periods or as a few floating chips or staves added to wine fermented in a vessel like stainless steel. Oak barrels can also impart other qualities through evaporation and low level exposure to oxygen. The porous nature of an oak barrel allows evaporation and oxygenation to occur in the wine but typically not at levels that would cause oxidation or spoilage.

The typical 225 liter (59 gallon) barrel allows the wine to concentrate it’s flavor and aroma compounds. Also small amounts of oxygen are allowed to pass through the barrel and act as a softening agent upon the wine’s tannins.

American oak used in wine barrels is a white oak from the species Quercus alba, which is fast growing and has wider grains and less wood tannins. This oak is found in most of the eastern United States, with Tennessee being one of the top suppliers. French oak uses common oak, Quercus robur, or white oak, Quercus petraea, but the latter is considered far superior for it’s finer grain and richer contribution of aromatic components like vanillin and its derivatives. American oak tends to be more intensely flavored than French oak due to having two to four times more lactones. Winemakers choose American oak typically for bold, powerful reds and for warm climate Chardonnays. The wider grain in the American oak allows more oxygen to interact with the wine than the tighter grained French oak. The French oak generates silky and transparent tannins, which transmits a sensation of light sweetness combined with fruity flavors that persist in the mouth.

A barrel can also either be toasted or untoasted. The toasting adds vanilla and spice character to French oak and coconut character to American oak. Also the level of toasting can vary which creates different character to the barrel.

A barrel made from American oak can cost $600-800, while a barrel made of French oak can cost $1200 or more.

Think about which oak is used in the wine you are drinking and what characteristics is has contributed to it.

Cheers!!!!